PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

Who Network News Stories Impacted

Roughly eight out of ten news stories about the presidential candidates during the primaries in 2000 focused on things that affected politicians rather than citizens.

PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

How the Blogs Framed The Campaign

Bloggers, like traditional media, focused heavily on the impact of the debates on the horse race, but they were also much more likely to discuss policy and candidate fitness.

PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

The Debate Effect

A PEJ study on how the press covered the pivotal period of the 2004 Presidential Campaign.

PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

Tone of Media Coverage of Bush and Kerry Debates, 2004

The tone of the press coverage of the debates in 2004 was highly negative for Presidential Bush. Nearly 60% of the stories were critical of the President, more than twice the percentage for challenger John Kerry.

PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

Tone of Media Coverage of Bush and Gore Debates, 2000

The tone of all media stories both about Gore and those focused more on Bush tended to be negative in 2000, but Gore’s coverage was more so. Bush stories were also nearly twice as likely to be positive as were those about Gore.

PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

How the Media Framed the Campaign

The dominant frame in the press coverage of the presidential debates of 2004 was on the impact of the debates on the horse race. , followed by a straight forward account of what the candidates said.

PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

Sourcing of Campaign Stories on Online News Sites

Different online news sites approached covering the debates of 2004 differently, but of the major ones, only MSNBC had a significant number of original bylined stories.

PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

How Newspapers Framed the Race

In print, the impact of the debates on the horse race was still a dominant theme, but regional papers were more likely to simply report what the candidates said than national papers were, and other themes got more attention than they did on television.

PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

Who Newspaper Stories Impacted

The insider horse race focus of the debate coverage in 2004 is evident in who the stories talked about being impacted. Only about a quarter of newspaper stories focused on things that would directly affect citizens in the debates, such as policy positions.

PublicationsOctober 27, 2004

Who Was Covered in Newspapers

Most of the newspaper stories of the presidential debates focused on both candidates.