August 4, 2008

Extra! Extra! McCain Makes as Much News as Obama

PEJ Campaign Coverage Index July 28-August 3, 2008

For the first time since this general election campaign began in early June, Republican John McCain attracted virtually as much media attention as his Democratic rival last week.

Barack Obama was a significant or dominant factor in 81% of the campaign stories compared with 78% for McCain, according to PEJ’s Campaign Coverage Index for July 28-Aug. 3. Not only was that a high water mark for McCain in the general election season (his previous best was 62% from June 30-July 6). The virtual dead heat in the race for exposure between the two candidates also marked the first time his weekly coverage had even been within 10 percentage points of Obama’s total. Indeed, in the eight weeks since early June when the general election contest began, 79% of the stories have significantly featured Obama, compared with 55% for his Republican rival.

The spike in press attention to the McCain campaign came a week after Obama’s tour of the Mideast and Europe commandeered the headlines, accounting for half the election coverage for July 21-27. It also came a week after the media engaged in a spasm of introspection, amid a wave of accusations that the media was being unfair to the GOP standard bearer. The third biggest campaign storyline for July 21-27 was the issue of whether the press was biased toward and lavishing too much attention on Obama.

Last week, the McCain campaign also drove the narrative by directly tackling that perception in a controversial ad. It described Obama as “the biggest celebrity in the world” and featured images of Britney Spears and Paris Hilton—two tabloid favorites known more for hard-partying lifestyles than any other achievements. (It was a relatively big week for Spears, too. First, she was featured in the ad. Then an Obama spokesman responded to that spot by accusing McCain of another negative attack, saying “Oops! He did it again”—which is a play on the title of her hit single.)

The “celebrity” spot also helped push campaign advertising to a more prominent place in the coverage than before. Advertising was the second-biggest campaign story line last week, filling 10% of the campaign newshole. And the ripple effects were felt throughout the week. The ad generated another narrative—whether McCain campaign was too negative—that filled 6% of the newshole. The tone of the campaign, and the new McCain ad, then triggered a third major story line. When Obama accused Republicans of trying to frighten Americans because he “doesn’t look like all those other presidents on those dollar bills,” the McCain team responded by accusing Obama of playing the “race card.” And that controversy, at 15%, became the biggest campaign narrative of all.

In total, the chain of events set in motion by the celebrity ad accounted for almost one-third of the campaign coverage last week. Hence McCain’s attack advertising strategy, which played off the notion that the press was infatuated with Obama, and blended it with the McCain theme that Obama offered less than meets the eye, drove the media narrative last week.

Stories about vice-presidential picks, fueled by speculation that Obama might select Virginia Governor and fellow Harvard Law alum Tim Kaine, accounted for another 9% of the campaign newshole. Also at 9% was the policy debate over the economy as Obama convened a summit of his fiscal advisors and McCain hammered away at the theme of increased oil drilling as a solution to energy price inflation.

One story that could have dominated the week, had the news been bad, subsided (down to 2% of the newshole) after a mole removed from melanoma survivor McCain proved to be benign.

In some ways, the media’s soul searching over its own role, and the resulting spike upward in coverage of McCain, were perhaps predictable. This had happened before, back during the primaries between Obama and Hillary Clinton. The week of Feb. 25-March 2, after Clinton complained about a pro-Obama bias and cited a Saturday Night Live skit to make her point, the press spent considerable time examining the possibility it was being unfair. And it followed that the next week, Clinton generated more coverage than her Democratic rival, reversing a trend of several weeks when Obama had been the top newsmaker.

If the McCain camp was trying to force the press to recalibrate and rethink, in other words, there was reason to imagine it might have an effect.

Overall, coverage of the presidential campaign last week accounted for 26% of the overall newshole, as measured by PEJ’s News Coverage Index from July 28-Aug. 3. That represents a drop of 12 percentage points from the previous week, when the Obama trip fueled much of the campaign coverage. The campaign was the No. 1 story in every media sector, but the overall coverage number was again inflated by cable’s intense interest. Last week, the campaign accounted for 49% of all the cable news airtime studied. That contrasted with radio (28%), network news (22%), online (15%) and newspapers (13%),

During the primary season, the principal focus of the Campaign Coverage Index was on the competition for exposure among the candidates. That was measured by the number of stories in which a candidate played a significant role (as a subject of between 25% and 50% of the story) or a main newsmaker role (at least 50% of the story). Now, in the general election season, the CCI is also highlighting another dimension of the coverage, the campaign storylines of the week—the specific themes that make up the campaign coverage. They are measured as a percentage of overall coverage, or newshole. We will continue to track the quantity of coverage generated by the leading candidates. The CCI is an addition to PEJ’s News Coverage Index, which tracks all the topics in the news and which will continue to appear at the bottom of the CCI.

As soon as McCain’s new ad was released on July 30, it triggered a torrent of commentary, even from some of the lighter-hearted quarters of the punditocracy. “Have you seen the new commercial? The McCain campaign compares Barack Obama to Britney Spears and Paris Hilton,” joked the Tonight show’s Jay Leno. “And today the Obama campaign released an ad comparing John McCain to Zsa Zsa Gabor and Bea Arthur.”

A more sober analysis of the ad came in Reuters story on Yahoo! News. The Republican camp “senses a chink in Obama’s armor following the Democrat’s European tour, which did not appear to give Obama a noticeable bounce in the polls, despite drawing a crowd of 200,000 in Berlin.”

But much of the coverage of McCain’s strategy tried to add a note of skepticism about it as well. The Reuters story noted that, “it is a strategy that carries some risks with Americans weary of partisan sniping.”

That risk was also part of the discussion on the July 30 edition of CNN’s Election Center when correspondent Dana Bash said that, “Beyond this one ad, other overriding concerns I’m hearing is that McCain…has perhaps gone too negative and it’s taking away from his above-the-fray campaign that he has said that he wants to run.”

If the McCain camp faced some criticism of the Spears ad, it seemed to regain the offensive on the “race card.” It began after Obama accused Republicans of scaring voters and made the point that he does not look like other Presidents.

The front-page Aug. 1 New York Times story was only one of many accounts that quoted McCain campaign manager Rick Davis’ assertion that “Barack Obama has played the race card and he played it from the bottom of the deck.” While the story noted that the McCain rebuttal “could cut both ways,” it said the “remarks put Mr. Obama’s campaign…in a delicate position….his campaign gingerly tried to tamp down the issue, saying he did not believe that Mr. McCain had tried to use race as an issue.”

The Associated Press story in the Aug. 1 edition of The Gazette of Colorado Springs took a broader view, declaring that this latest volley between the two campaigns “was the latest spike in a contest that’s grown increasingly negative despite pledges by both Obama and McCain to run aboveboard campaigns.”

“The daily rhetoric has turned red hot,” the story continued, “as both maneuver for advantage and polls show the race competitive three months before the election.”

 

And now, in the rest of the week’s news:

The No. 2 and No. 3 stories for the week of July 28-Aug. 3 were closely related subjects. Coverage of the economy—at 5% of the overall newshole as measured by PEJ’s News coverage Index—was driven by the signing of housing legislation and news of a projected federal budget deficit of nearly half a trillion dollars. Next, at 4% of the newshole, was the subject of energy prices in a week in which oil fluctuated, gas dropped and Exxon Mobile reported record quarter profits of $11.7 billion. That was followed, also at 4%, by news of the indictment of Senator Ted Stevens, the seven-term Alaska Republican. Events inside Iraq constituted the No. 5 story, also at 4% of the newshole.

Mark Jurkowitz of PEJ

 

Campaign Storylines of the Week

 

Total Percent of Campaign Newshole
Campaigns Using the Race Card 14.6%
Campaign Ads 9.8
Economy as an Issue 8.7
Obama’s VP Search 8.1
Has McCain Gone Too Negative
5.6
Obama’s Overseas trip 4.7
Obama is Being Presumptuous 4.5
Total Number of Campaign Stories = 279

 

Top Overall Stories of the Week

Rank

Story

Percent of Newshole

1

2008 Campaign

26%

2

U.S. Economy

5

3

Gas/Oil Prices

4

4

Ted Stevens Indictment

4

5

Events in Iraq

4

6

Olympics

3

7

L.A. Earthquake

2

8

Anthrax Case

2

9

Yosemite Fire

2

10

Immigration

2

Click here to see the top ten stories for each media sector.

Click here to see the methodology for the Campaign Coverage Index